Laser beams and optical tweezers win the Nobel in 2018. Credit:
The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded for revolutionary ways of manipulating light - short science news headlines - Nobel Prize

This year, three scientist share the Nobel Prize in Physics: Arthur Ashkin of Bell Laboratories in Holmdel, N.J., Gérard Mourou of École Polytechnique in Palaiseau, France, and Donna Strickland of the University of Waterloo in Canada.

They discovered groundbreaking methods to manipulate light. Ashkin invented the optical tweezers, a tool that uses beams of light to capture and move small particles, including viruses and living cells.

Mourou and Strickland invented a way to compress light into extremely short and intense pulses (chirped pulse amplification).

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Scientific publication: Nobel Prize