Cause of dementia may be found in the embryonic stage

Oct 15, 2018 Erwin van den Burg

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While dementia (Alzheimers’ disease, Lewy body dementia) has a genetic component, for most patients there are no cases of the disease in their family history. Scientists have now found, by genetic an... Read more

Reprogramming mature mouse neurons

Oct 12, 2018 Erwin van den Burg

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While trying to convert supporting brain cells (glia cells) into neurons that produce dopamine, neuroscientists instead reprogrammed mature mouse inhibitory, GABAergic, neurons into dopamine neurons (these... Read more

This is how the brain forms memories during sleep

Oct 08, 2018 Erwin van den Burg

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Neuroscientists have for the first time recorded the brain activity underlying memory. They did this in epileptic patients that had electrodes implanted for surgery (this is normal procedure in these patie... Read more

Do not give up – it could literally save your life!

Sep 27, 2018 Alexandru Ciobanu

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According to a new research study, giving up can simply kill. Many people want to give up at some point in their life, for various reasons: they feel defeated or find themselves in an inescapable situation... Read more

Your brain favors laziness

Sep 19, 2018 Alexandru Ciobanu

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We want to have a decent level of daily physical activity, but never actually do it. I know I am guilty of that. This “physical activity paradox” (like when you subscribe to the gym, but go the... Read more

Scientists quantify how we discriminate based on stereotypes

Sep 13, 2018 Alexandru Ciobanu

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Stereotypes and discrimination are widespread; however, it is difficult to measure the influence of one’s biases in the way they treat others. To address this, a group of scientists developed a mathe... Read more

In utero exposure to cannabis affects the sociability of male child only

Sep 12, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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In a study to determine the effects of cannabis smoking during pregnancy, it was found that ingesting cannabinoids during pregnancy leads to behavioral and neurological deficits, but only in male offspring... Read more

Parkinson’s risk increased in children with ADHD

Sep 12, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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In a retrospective population based study, researchers have found out that children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have as much as twice the risk of early onset Parkinson’s and Parkins... Read more

Males and Females affected differently by binge drinking

Sep 11, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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In an animal model of binge drinking, researchers have been able to show that in brain regions associated with addiction, gene expression is affected differently in male and female mice. The brain region i... Read more

Mindful individuals feel lesser pain

Sep 11, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Mindfulness, which means being aware of the present without emotional reactions is not just a latest craze in psychology. Researchers have shown that those individuals who are more mindful during a painful... Read more

Setting biases aside to make logical decisions

Sep 11, 2018 Erwin van den Burg

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Neuroscientists found that people do not seek to confirm their previously formed opinion, or bias, on the basis of new experiences, but rather set their bias aside to be able to weigh the new information p... Read more

Bravery neurons discovered in the brain

Sep 10, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Researchers have found that there are certain neurons in the hippocampus that play an important role in the expression of bravery. They have shown that these neurons termed as the OLM cells are responsible... Read more

Kids prefer winners, but only those whose status is acknowledged by others

Sep 09, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Even though 18-month-old kids have just begun to walk and talk, they have an innate sense of power. They associate with individuals with power since those in power can provide people with better access to ... Read more

One stands further away from loved ones if lonely

Sep 09, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Researchers have for the first time shown a direct evidence linking interpersonal distance preferences and loneliness. They indicate that the social 'survival mode' triggers an increased preference for hig... Read more

Past experience shapes brain development in worms

Sep 07, 2018 Erwin van den Burg

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Starving male worms before sexual maturation prevents normal changes in the developing brain, so that the worms will behave immaturely as adults. Immature neuronal connections remained in the tail, which a... Read more

Let's watch the neurons speak to each other

Sep 04, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Scientists have developed a new way to record neurons actually speaking to each other in bright colours. This technique could help provide answers to long-awaited questions related to Alzheimer's disease, ... Read more

Maternal cortisol linked to mood disorders in the infants

Sep 03, 2018 Erwin van den Burg

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High levels of cortisol in the blood of pregnant women, such as those found during stress, have been shown to alter connectivity between parts of the brain that regulate mood and emotions in the fetus. The... Read more

Potential drugs to reduce smoking developed

Aug 30, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Nicotine in cigarettes triggers the release of dopamine and serotonin, which is responsible for the pleasure felt due to the habit. However, as nicotine is metabolized by the liver enzyme CYP2A6 the user b... Read more

Cannabis could help reduce psychotic symptoms

Aug 29, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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Researchers have discovered that a single dose of cannabis extract cannabidiol could decrease psychosis associated brain function abnormalities thereby providing the first evidence as to how cannabidiol co... Read more

Antidepressant effect of ketamine through the opioid system

Aug 29, 2018 Kshitij Jadhav

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For the first time, researchers have shown that the acute antidepressant effect of ketamine is through the activation of the opioid system. While opioids were historically used to treat depression, their l... Read more